Archive for the 'Crown Hall IIT' Category


Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies (March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German-American architect. He was commonly referred to and addressed by his surname, Mies, by his colleagues, students, writers, and others.

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, along with Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier, is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of Modern architecture. Mies, like many of his post World War I contemporaries, sought to establish a new architectural style that could represent modern times just as Classical and Gothic did for their own eras. He created an influential 20th century architectural style, stated with extreme clarity and simplicity. His mature buildings made use of modern materials such as industrial steel and plate glass to define interior spaces. He strived towards an architecture with a minimal framework of structural order balanced against the implied freedom of free-flowing open space. He called his buildings “skin and bones” architecture. He sought a rational approach that would guide the creative process of architectural design, and is known for his use of the aphorisms “less is more” and “God is in the details”.

List of works
Toronto-Dominion Centre – Office Tower Complex, Toronto
Westmount Square – Office & Residential Tower Complex, Westmount
Nuns’ Island – 3 Residential towers and a filling station (closed), Montreal (c.1969)
Czech Republic
Tugendhat House – Residential Home, Brno
Riehl House – Residential Home, Potsdam (1907)
Peris House – Residential Home, Zehlendorf (1911)
Werner House – Residential Home, Zehlendorf (1913)
Urbig House – Residential Home, Potsdam (1917)
Kempner House – Residential Home, Charlottenburg (1922)
Eichstaedt House – Residential Home, Wannsee (1922)
Feldmann House – Residential Home, Wilmersdorf (1922)
Mosler House – Residential Home, Babelsberg (1926)
Weissenhof Estate – Housing Exhibition coordinated by Mies and with a contribution by him, Stuttgart (1927)
Haus Lange/Haus Ester – Residential Home and an art museum, Krefeld
New National Gallery – Modern Art Museum, Berlin
Bacardi Office Building – Office Building, Mexico City
Barcelona Pavilion – World’s Fair Pavilion, Barcelona
United States
Cullinan Hall – Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
The Promontory Apartments – Residential Apartment Complex, Chicago
Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Library – District of Columbia Public Library, Washington, DC
Richard King Mellon Hall of Science – Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA (1968)
IBM Plaza – Office Tower, Chicago
Lake Shore Drive Apartments – Residential Apartment Towers, Chicago
Seagram Building – Office Tower, New York City
Crown Hall – College of Architecture, and other buildings, at the Illinois Institute of Technology
School of Social Services Administration, University of Chicago (1965)
Farnsworth House – Residential Home, Plano, Illinois
Chicago Federal Center
Dirksen Federal Building – Office Tower, Chicago
Kluczynski Federal Building – Office Tower, Chicago
United States Post Office Loop Station – General Post Office, Chicago
One Illinois Center – Office Tower, Chicago
One Charles Center – Office Tower, Baltimore, Maryland
Highfield House Condominium | 4000 North Charles – Condominium Apartments, Baltimore, Maryland
Colonnade and Pavilion Apartments – Residential Apartment Complex, Newark, New Jersey (1959)
Lafayette Park – Residential Apartment Complex, Detroit, Michigan (1963).[3]
Commonwealth Promenade Apartments – Residential Apartment Complex, Chicago (1956)
Caroline Weiss Law Building, Cullinan Hall (1958) and Brown Pavilion (1974) additions, Museum of Fine Art, Houston
American Life Building – Louisville, Kentucky (1973; completed after Mies’s death by Bruno Conterato)


Walter Netsch

Walter Netsch (February 23, 1920-June 15, 2008) was an American architect based in Chicago. He was most closely associated with the brutalist style of architecture, as well as the firm of Skidmore, Owings, and Merrill. His signature aesthetic is known as Field Theory and is based on rotating squares into complex shapes. He may be most well known as the lead designer for the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado and its famous Cadet Chapel. The Cadet Area at the Academy was named a National Historic Landmark in 2004.

Summary of work
After graduating from The Leelanau School, a boarding school in Michigan, Netsch studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and then enlisted in the United States Army Corps of Engineers. He began his career as an architect working for L. Morgan Yost in Kenilworth, Illinois. In 1947, he joined Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, which initially assigned him to work in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Later he became a partner for design in that firm.

University Hall at the University of Illinois at Chicago, part of Netsch’s original design for the Chicago Circle campus.Following his work on the Air Force Academy, Netsch led the team which designed the original University of Illinois Circle Campus. The campus design grouped buildings into functional clusters and now constitutes most of the east campus buildings at the University of Illinois at Chicago. During his career, Netsch designed 15 libraries, as well as academic buildings for colleges and universities in the United States and Japan, including Grinnell College, Miami University, Wells College, Illinois Institute of Technology, Sophia University, Texas Christian University, University of Chicago, and University of Iowa. He did the initial design for the Inland Steel Building in Chicago; built circa 1956-1957, this was the first skyscraper built in Chicago’s Loop after the Great Depression. He also designed the east wing of the Art Institute of Chicago. Netsch designed several buildings at Northwestern University and was the focus of an exhibit at the Northwestern University Library in February-March 2006[4] as well as a monograph, Walter A. Netsch, FAIA: A Critical Appreciation and Sourcebook, published in May 2008.

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