Architectural Styles

Architectural styles classify architecture in terms of form, techniques, materials, time period, region, etc. It overlaps with, and emerges from the study of the evolution and history of architecture. In architectural history, the study of Gothic architecture, for instance, would include all aspects of the cultural context that went into the design and construction of these structures. Architectural style is a way of classifying architecture that gives emphasis to characteristic features of design, leading to a terminology such as Gothic “style”.

The Victoria and Albert Museum maintains an interactive online microsite with an introductory overview[1] of ten architectural styles grouped in four clusters:

Modern, High-Tech and Postmodern
East Asian, South Asian and Spanish Islamic
Gothic and Gothic Revival
Classical and Classical Revival.

Style Timeline
Neolithic architecture 10,000 BC-3000 BC
Sumerian architecture 5300 BC-2000 BC
Phoenician architecture 3,000 BC-500 AD
Ancient Egyptian architecture 3000 BC-373 AD
Classical architecture 600 BC-323 AD
Ancient Greek architecture 776 BC-265 BC
Roman architecture 753 BC–663 AD
Herodian architecture 37 BC-4 BC Judea
Architecture of Armenia (IVe s – XVIe s)
Merovingian architecture 400s-700s France and Germany
Anglo-Saxon architecture 450s-1066 England and Wales
Byzantine architecture 527 (Sofia)-1520
Islamic Architecture 691-present
Moorish architecture c.700s-1492 Western Europe, Northern Africa
Iranian architecture, c.700s-present Persia
Ottoman architecture c.1300-1918 Turkey
Pre-Romanesque architecture c.700-1000 Western Europe
Carolingian architecture 780s-800s France and Germany
Repoblación architecture 880s-1000s Spain
Ottonian architecture 950s-1050s Germany
Russian architecture 989-1700s
Romanesque architecture 1000-1300
Norman architecture 1074-1250
Gothic architecture
Early English Period c.1190—c.1250
Decorated Period c.1290–c.1350
Perpendicular Period c.1350–c.1550
Rayonnant Gothic 1240-c.1350, France, Germany, Central Europe
Flamboyant Gothic 1400-1500, Spain, France, Portugal
Brick Gothic c.1350–c.1400
Isabelline Gothic 1474-1505 (reign) Spain
Manueline 1495-1521 (reign) Portugal & colonies
Mudéjar Style c.1300-1600s Spain
Renaissance architecture c.1425-1600 Western Europe, American colonies
Tudor style architecture 1485–1603
Spanish Colonial style 1520s–c.1550
Herrerian 1550-1650 Spain & colonies
Plateresque c.1490-1600 Spain & colonies, Low Countries,
Palladian architecture 1516-1580
Dutch Colonial 1615-1674 (Treaty of Westminster) New England
Chilota architecture 1600–present Chiloé and southern Chile
Baroque architecture c.1600-1750 Western Europe, the Americas
Churrigueresque, 1660s-1750s. Spain and the New World
English Baroque 1666 (Great Fire)–1713 (Treaty of Utrecht)
Spanish Baroque c.1600-1760
Bethazahel Baroque 1669 (reign) – 1723
Sicilian Baroque 1693 earthquake–c.1745
Ukrainian Baroque late 1600-1800s
French Baroque c.1650-1789
Dutch Baroque architecture c.1650-1700
Rococo c.1720-1789 France, Germany, Spain, Italy
Ukrainian Baroque late 1600-1800s
Neoclassical architecture c.1715-1820
Georgian architecture 1720-1840s UK & USA
American colonial architecture 1720-1780s USA
Pombaline style 1755 earthquake-c.1860 Portugal
Adam style 1770 UK
Federal architecture 1780-1830 USA
Empire (style) 1804-1814, 1870 revival
Neo-palladian architecture:
Jeffersonian architecture 1790s-1830s Virginia, USA
American Empire (style) 1810
Gothic Revival architecture 1760s–today
Jeffersonian architecture 1790s-1830s Virginia, USA
Florida cracker architecture c.1800–present Florida, USA
Italianate 1802
Egyptian Revival architecture 1809–1820s, 1840s, 1920s
Biedermeier 1815–1848
Russian Revival 1826-1917, 1990s-present
Tudorbethan architecture 1835–1885
Victorian architecture 1837 and 1901 UK
See also San Francisco architecture
Jacobethan 1838
Carpenter Gothic USA and Canada 1840s on
Queenslander (architecture) 1840s–1960s
Australian architectural styles
Romanesque Revival architecture 1840–1900 USA
Neo-Manueline 1840s-1910s Portugal & Brazil
Neo-Mudéjar 1880s-1920s Spain, Portugal, Bosnia, California
Neo-Grec 1848 and 1865
Adirondack Architecture 1850s New York, USA
Bristol Byzantine 1850-1880
Second Empire 1865 and 1880
Queen Anne Style architecture 1870–1910s England & USA
Stick Style 1879-1905 New England
Eastlake Style 1879-1905 New England
Shingle Style 1879-1905 New England
National Park Service Rustic 1872–present USA
Chicago school (architecture) 1880s and 1890 USA
Canadian Chateau 1880s-1920s, Canada
Neo-Byzantine architecture 1882–1920s American
Art Nouveau/Jugendstil c. 1885–1910
Modernisme 1888-1911 Catalonian Art Nouveau
Vienna Secession 1897-c. 1905 Austrian Art Nouveau
American Craftsman 1890s–1930 USA, California & east
Richardsonian Romanesque 1880s USA
City Beautiful movement 1890–1900s USA
Colonial Revival architecture 1890s–1915
Dutch Colonial Revival c.1900 New England
Mission Revival Style architecture 1894-1936
American Foursquare mid. 1890s-late 1930s USA
Functionalism c.1900-1930s Europe & USA
Danish Functionalism 1960s Denmark
Pueblo style 1898-1990s
Edwardian Era 1901-1910 Uk
Prairie Style 1900–1917 USA
Heliopolis style 1905–c.1935 Egypt
Futurist architecture 1909 Europe
Expressionist architecture 1910–c.1924
Amsterdam School 1912–1924 Netherlands
Spanish Colonial Revival style 1915–1940 USA
Bauhaus 1919–1930s
Mediterranean Revival Style 1920s–1930s USA
Art Deco 1925–1940s Europe & USA
List of Art Deco architecture
Constructivism 1925–1932 USSR
Modern movement 1927–1960s
International style (architecture) 1930–present Europe & USA
Postconstructivism 1930–1935 USSR
Streamline Moderne 1930–1937
Nazi architecture 1933-1944 Germany
Stalinist architecture 1933–1955 USSR
Usonian 1936–1940s USA
Soft Portuguese style 1940-1955 Portugal & colonies
Ranch-style 1940s-1970s USA
New towns 1946-1968 United Kingdom
Mid-century modern 1950s California, etc.
Googie architecture 1950s USA
Brutalist architecture 1950s–1970s
Structuralism (architecture) 1950s-1970s
Metabolist Movement 1959 Japan
Arcology 1970s-present
Structural Expressionism 1980s-present
Postmodern architecture 1980s
Deconstructivism 1982–present
Memphis Group 1981-1988
Blobitecture 2003–present
Interactive architecture 2000–present

referenced from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architectural_style

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